استرس مزمن و الگودهی اجتماعی سلامت زنان در کانادا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|69764||2002||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 54, Issue 5, March 2002, Pages 767–782
Existing research on the social patterning of women's health draws attention to the significance of social roles and socioeconomic position. Although we know a great deal about health differences according to the occupancy of these positions, we know a lot less about why such patterns exist. This paper addresses this gap by examining the pathways through which social structure is linked to health using data from a 1994 Canadian national probability sample of women, aged 25–64 years. We begin by charting differences in women's self-rated ill-health, distress, and reports of long-standing health conditions by socioeconomic position and social role occupation. We then assess the extent to which these patterns can be understood in relation to the chronic stress arising from these social locations. Socioeconomic position, assessed by housing tenure, education, and household income, was positively related to health. Employment enhanced women's health, as did being currently married and a mother living with children. The ongoing stressors that distinguish the experiences of various structural locations accounted for some of the health effects of social structure, particularly for socioeconomic position. However, chronic stress was largely irrelevant to the pathways linking social roles to health. In fact, employed women and parents living with children enjoyed better health despite their greater stress.