دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 28065
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله

بررسی آزمایش رفتار انسانی برای شبیه سازی تخلیه افراد

عنوان انگلیسی
A study on experiment of human behavior for evacuation simulation
کد مقاله سال انتشار تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی
28065 2004 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید
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شرح تعرفه ترجمه زمان تحویل جمع هزینه
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ترجمه تخصصی - سرعت فوری هر کلمه 180 تومان 3 روز بعد از پرداخت 589,140 تومان
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منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Ocean Engineering, Volume 31, Issues 8–9, June 2004, Pages 931–941

ترجمه کلمات کلیدی
- آزمایش پردازنده - تخلیه - ایمنی انسانی - طراحی کشتی - رفتار انسانی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
Onboard experiment,Evacuation,Human safety,Ship design,Human behavior
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله  بررسی آزمایش رفتار انسانی برای شبیه سازی تخلیه افراد

چکیده انگلیسی

Walking speed is a very important factor in evacuation analysis for human safety. To provide against emergencies such as abandonment of ship due to accident, the authority body required evacuation analysis for passenger ships. To develop a simulation tool for the evacuation analysis, human behavior data for evacuation situations are fundamentally necessary. In this paper, onboard experiments were carried out twice, once with ship motion and another without ship motion. They were performed assuming the situation where subjects are evacuating under instructions from the crew without panic. Not only individual movement but also group movement with and without motion based on inclination was covered.

مقدمه انگلیسی

There have been many accidents of passenger ships at sea and they have caused huge losses of human lives. The interim guidelines for evacuation analyses for new and existing passenger ships were developed by the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and circulated as MSC/Circ. 1033 (IMO, 2002) for the purpose of unified implementation of the requirement of evacuation analysis which is required by regulation. The MSC considered whether the interim guidelines should be made mandatory for large passenger ships and, having noted that more data on application of the interim guidelines are needed to validate the methodologies and criteria contained in the above guidelines, agreed that this issue should be further considered by the committee. In 1995, the 41 m long high speed twin hull passenger liner St. Malo (Lockey et al., 1997) was stranded off the shore of France and the passengers evacuated while the ship was listing. The total evacuation time of 308 passengers after the distress signal was recorded as 1 h and 17 min. It is more than nine times the total evacuation time recorded during evacuation drill in stationary conditions, which was 8 min. This is a good example showing that evacuation analyses that does not take account of motion, listing, and the psychological state of the passengers are meaningless in the real world. In this paper, onboard experiments were carried out twice, once with ship motion and another without ship motion. They were performed assuming the situation where subjects are evacuating under instructions from the crew without panic. Not only individual movement but also group movement with and without motion based on inclination was covered. The results showed that a floor with motion decreases the walking speed by 10–20% and an inclined floor without motion also affected walking speed. The results from the experiments will be used to increase the accuracy of the evacuation simulation system, which is being developed.

دانلود فوری مقاله + سفارش ترجمه

نسخه انگلیسی مقاله همین الان قابل دانلود است.

هزینه ترجمه مقاله بر اساس تعداد کلمات مقاله انگلیسی محاسبه می شود.

این مقاله شامل 3273 کلمه می باشد.

هزینه ترجمه مقاله توسط مترجمان با تجربه، طبق جدول زیر محاسبه می شود:

شرح تعرفه ترجمه زمان تحویل جمع هزینه
ترجمه تخصصی - سرعت عادی هر کلمه 90 تومان 6 روز بعد از پرداخت 294,570 تومان
ترجمه تخصصی - سرعت فوری هر کلمه 180 تومان 3 روز بعد از پرداخت 589,140 تومان
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.