الگوریتم ژنتیک: یک روش قوی برای انحراف استرس
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|92829||2017||54 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Structural Geology, Volume 94, January 2017, Pages 227-239
The stress inversion of geological or geophysical observations is a nonlinear problem. In most existing methods, it is solved by linearization, under certain assumptions. These linear algorithms not only oversimplify the problem but also are vulnerable to entrapment of the solution in a local optimum. We propose the use of a nonlinear heuristic technique, the genetic algorithm, which searches the global optimum without making any linearizing assumption or simplification. The algorithm mimics the natural evolutionary processes of selection, crossover and mutation and, minimizes a composite misfit function for searching the global optimum, the fittest stress tensor. The validity and efficacy of the algorithm are demonstrated by a series of tests on synthetic and natural fault-slip observations in different tectonic settings and also in situations where the observations are noisy. It is shown that the genetic algorithm is superior to other commonly practised methods, in particular, in those tectonic settings where none of the principal stresses is directed vertically and/or the given data set is noisy.