غربالگری برای رفتارهای بهداشتی در تنظیمات بالینی سرپایی: آیا وضعیت سیگار کشیدن نوشیدن خطرناک را پیش بینی می کند؟
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|58646||2002||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Addictive Behaviors, Volume 27, Issue 5, September–October 2002, Pages 737–749
Although a link between alcohol consumption and smoking behavior is well documented, the majority of studies have focused on individuals dependent on both alcohol and nicotine. The present study examined the likelihood of hazardous drinking as a function of smoking status, gender, age, ethnicity, and education in a sample of 676 medical and dental patients whose drinking covered the spectrum from abstinence to high levels. We hypothesized that hazardous drinking would be more common among young, male respondents who were current smokers and that past smokers would show a risk of hazardous drinking that was intermediate between that of current smokers and nonsmokers. Results showed that younger age, fewer years of education, male gender, and current smoking status were significant predictors of hazardous drinking. However, there was no relationship between a past history of smoking and current risk of hazardous drinking. Evaluation of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) showed that it was no more useful as a screening instrument than a single question that elicited current smoking status. These findings suggest that patients who report current smoking should routinely be asked about their current alcohol consumption. Interventions should then be tailored to address smoking and, if appropriate, hazardous drinking as well.