پیچیدگی تکاملی شبکه های پیچیده تامین تطبیقی: یک مطالعه شبیه سازی و بررسی موردی
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 124, Issue 2, April 2010, Pages 310–330
A supply chain should be treated not just as a supply chain but also as a complex adaptive supply network (CASN). However, the literature on supply chain management has given little attention to the evolutionary complexity of the network structure and collaboration mechanism of CASNs. In this paper, we first model and simulate the evolution of CASNs based on complex adaptive system and fitness landscape theory. The simulation results indicate the evolutionary complexities such as emergence, quasi-equilibrium, chaos, and lock-in of CASNs. Then, a case study of the evolution of the LVEA (low voltage equipment apparatus) supply network in the emerging Chinese market has been explored to validate the findings from the simulation and develop a better understanding of the general principles influencing the emergence, adaptation and evolution of CASNs in the real world. Based on the simulation and the case study,
A supply chain is a network of autonomous or semiautonomous business entities collectively responsible for procurement, manufacturing and distribution activities, which create value for final customers in the form of one or more families of related products or services (Christopher, 1992; Min and Zhou, 2002; Swaminathan et al. 1998). Firms with highly synchronized supply chains have a number of advantages in today's highly competitive, fast-changing environment. One of the major challenges for supply chain managers is to develop a network structure and collaboration mechanism that can facilitate adaptive, flexible and synchronized behaviors in a dynamic environment. However, researchers are still in the early stages of investigating the general principles that govern the birth, growth and evolution of supply networks with complex network structure and mechanisms for collaboration. A key to tackling this problem successfully is the realization that supply chain should be treated as a complex adaptive supply network (CASN).
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The evolution of CASNs provides a fascinating area of research. If we are to truly practice management of CASNs, we need to understand the evolution of the structure and collaboration mechanisms of CASNs and be able to build theories of CASNs. We have taken a small step toward this end. In this paper, we have proposed evolutionary model of CASNs based on CAS and fitness landscape theory. The simulation of the evolutionary model indicates many characteristics of CAS. Furthermore, the evolution of the LVEA supply networks in the emerging market of China was explored to validate these findings and get more knowledge of the evolution in the real world