بررسی ارزش کسب و کار RFID : شواهدی از پنج مطالعه ی موردی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|490||2008||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 112, Issue 2, April 2008, Pages 601–613
This paper presents an in-depth analysis toward understanding the business value components an organization can derive from adopting radio frequency identification (RFID). Although this subject is currently a hot topic, many organizations are slow in warming up to the idea of using RFID to conduct more effective and efficient business processes. We propose a framework for evaluating the business value of RFID technology, hoping that a better understanding of the business value of RFID will encourage more organizations to implement it. Emphasis is on delivering business value through refining business processes and expanding the business model. We illustrate these concepts drawing on the experience of five early adopters from the Taiwan healthcare industry and formulate this framework as a set of propositions based on relevant literature, cases from pioneers in the field and our intuition. These propositions will need to be validated through empirical evidence.
Information technology (IT) is one of the most important resources in creating organizational value (Kohli and Devaraj, 2004) through its capability to transform the nature of products, processes, companies, industries and even competition itself (Porter and Millar, 1985). Owing to its “MOST” (mobility, organizational, systems and technologies) characteristics, radio frequency identification (RFID) has received considerable attention and is considered to be the next wave of the IT revolution. An RFID can allow any tagged entity to be mobile, intelligent and communicate with an organization's overall information infrastructure (Curtin et al., 2007). Its applications are not a new phenomenon. The British Royal Air Force (RAF) used RFID-like technology in World War II to distinguish between enemy and friendly aircraft (Asif and Mandviwalla, 2005). Most recently, it is gaining importance and popularity in many areas such as marathon races, airline luggage tracking, electronic security keys, toll collection and asset tracking, etc. (Angeles, 2005; Ericson, 2004; Karkkainen, 2003; Srivastava, 2004) and is considered to be the next revolution in supply-chain management (Srivastava, 2004) and the healthcare industry (Ericson, 2004). The RFID is expected to add intelligence and capabilities to organizations by its identification, tracking and tracing nature. It can acquire a vast array of location and property information through entities that can be physically tagged and wirelessly scanned (Curtin et al., 2007; Weinstein, 2005). As the various entities associated with business processes become increasingly mobile in the presence of RFID, the ability of the organization to monitor the location, history and changing states of these tagged entities increases the level of process freedom (Keen and Mackintosh, 2001). The strategic importance of RFID applications cannot be underestimated. The rapid pace of adoption and advancement of RFID creates opportunities for new and innovative services provided through RFID infrastructures. The emergence of RFID is expected to drastically affect a number of industries and impact their strategic management (Curtin et al., 2007). Both academics and practitioners are keenly aware how organizations can extract business value from RFID (Weinstein, 2005; Curtin et al., 2007). They include mechanical and electrical engineering (Glidden et al., 2004), systems and software engineering (Juels, 2004), health management (Thompson, 2004), marketing and customer relationship management (Compton, 2004). Among the questions being asked are how can our business integrate RFID into existing lines of business? How can we use RFID to reduce costs and increase competitiveness? How can RFID impact internal and external business processes? What are the new business opportunities enabled by RFID? This paper aims to develop a framework for evaluating the business value of RFID applications. The research question that underlies this study is “How should one evaluate the business value of RFID applications?” We will propose some research propositions based on our case studies. These propositions form the basic framework for further research into RFID applications. Research to assess the strategic impact of RFID on organizations is scarce. This paper is a step towards filling this gap. It presents the results derived from case studies identifying the value of RFID in five healthcare organizations and shows how RFID can have a strategic impact and create business value. The research problems are as follows: • How should enterprises evaluate the strategic implications of RFID applications? • Present a framework for evaluating the business value of RFID applications. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 presents an overview of pertinent literature on RFID, IT business value and IT applications in the healthcare industry. Section 3 reports the research method. Five healthcare institutions are investigated in Section 4. Based upon our findings, we present seven propositions in Section 5. Finally, Section 6 presents our conclusions and some thoughts for future research.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Although RFID is now considered to be a new technology application with the potential for explosive long-term growth, RFID applications are still in their infancy with their contributions to enterprises still unproven. Though everyone has great expectations for this new technology, it has not yet achieved widespread acceptance. RFID, of course, has a great deal of potential in business automation. It is particularly useful for rectifying inefficiencies in workflow. This study uses hospitals where RFID applications have been introduced as a case study to provide a framework for businesses to see how RFID applications can create business value. The model shows that for RFID to truly demonstrate its commercial value, the new technology must be integrated into existing business systems. It must also be included within the overall business framework with respect to issues such as workflow, supply-chain relationships and leveraging of business capabilities. This research was carried out in the healthcare service industry in Taiwan, but there is no reason to suppose that the same approach cannot be applied for RFID applications in other industries. The applied results can be insightful to the business value of RFID from both the processes and business opportunities viewpoints. Also, future empirical and conceptual research will be helpful in refining and validating our propositions, and will become possible when a sufficient number of experiences are collected and studied.