یک استراتژی برای سیستم های تدارکات شخص ثالث : یک تجزیه و تحلیل با استفاده از استراتژی اقیانوس آبی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|951||2008||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Omega, Volume 36, Issue 4, August 2008, Pages 522–534
One of today's most frequently discussed topics in the business world is how to escape from the intense Red Ocean and how to create an uncontested Blue Ocean. However, because there are few practical guidelines available on this topic, we will introduce a case study of a third-party logistics (3PL) provider, CJ-Global Logistics Service (CJ-GLS), to show how it aspires to be a leader in the newly introduced 3PL industry in South Korea. CJ-GLS is a latecomer in the logistics industry, and its resources, such as the number of trucks and warehouses, are relatively small in comparison to those of established companies. But, it has achieved a distinct competitive advantage through innovative information technology (i.e., RFID—radio frequency identification), which has enabled it to create an uncontested market space, electronic logistics business. One remarkable fact about CJ-GLS is that its swift growth comes not from attracting competitors’ customers from the existing Red Ocean market but from creating a Blue Ocean market (3PL market), which previously existing incumbents ignored, and also from constructing a new business model founded on a RFID-based, ubiquitous-oriented 3PL system. Analyzed through a Four Actions Framework and characterized as Blue Ocean, this case study provides valuable information on how a company reinforces its competitive advantage from the Red Ocean while it transitions into a Blue Ocean by utilizing advanced information communication technologies.
Historically, a dominant business strategy has been competition among companies based on how to gain the largest share of market space. However, intense competition has caused industry to be oversupplied, and increased market share does not always lead to increases in profit. Under the circumstances, a fast follower strategy is hardly effective, and a new growth engine is seldom found. The Blue Ocean strategy is “a consistent pattern of strategic thinking behind the creation of new markets and industries where demand is created rather than fought for and the rule of competition is irrelevant” . Therefore, the Blue Ocean strategy provides companies with guidelines on how to escape from intense competition over the same market space—where there are limited customers with an increasing number of competitors—by creating a new market space where there is less competition if any. Systematic and efficient logistics service has become one of the core support services of e-businesses, and many innovative strategies have been proposed  and . Globally expanding Internet and e-businesses have brought new business models with less distribution layers resulting in customer-based logistics, Internet-based logistics, logistics for small-batch production , and zero-inventory logistics . Companies who operated their own logistics network began to outsource part or all of their logistics function to the 3PL companies who provided expertise in solutions of logistic systems, transportation, warehousing, freight consolidation, distribution, inventory management, and logistics information systems  and . Although 3PL itself is a relatively new business model  and , several researchers have proposed newer business models for 3PL, such as the reverse logistics model  and grid computing technology services . CJ-Global Logistics Service (CJ-GLS) is a latecomer in the Korean logistics industry, but it entered into the 3PL industry from the start and has the largest client bases in the market. The success of CJ-GLS comes from its market analysis capability, accurate customer requirement analysis, and the constructing capability of its logistics information systems (LIS). Ranked fourth in the Korean logistics industry, CJ-GLS successfully completed the development of ubiquitous LIS based on radio frequency identification (RFID) under the cooperation of ten systems development companies and research teams at three universities in South Korea. By applying the Blue Ocean strategy to analyze CJ-GLS's business model, this paper provides valuable information on how a company reinforces its competitive advantage from the Red Ocean while it moves toward the Blue Ocean strategy by utilizing information technologies. For this case study, we interviewed the chief executive officer (CEO), chief information officer (CIO), CJ-GLS logistics strategy research manager, the team manager of the information strategy team, and several line workers in both July and September 2005. The structure of this paper is as follows. In the following section, we describe the case company (CJ-GLS), including an explanation of CJ-GLS's information systems and its evolving path to e-business and m-business supporting LIS. In section three, CJ-GLS's ubiquitous-oriented 3PL LIS, with its fundamental technology, RFID, is explained. Furthermore, we project the forthcoming new business model based on the ubiquitous-oriented 3PL LIS. In the fourth section, we introduce the framework of the analysis, the Blue Ocean strategy, and analyze the case using this framework. Problems and success factors found throughout the implementation of the ubiquitous-oriented 3PL LIS are stated. Finally, we summarize the CJ-GLS's strategic path and its capabilities in creating an uncontested Blue Ocean with its superb business processes and supporting technological capabilities.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This case shows how a 3PL provider developed an ubiquitous, electronic logistics business model that pioneered into an uncontested market by not only defining customers from an existing logistics market but also by recognizing future customers. Unlike numerous companies that have tried to mingle foreign solutions into their IS and business processes, CJ-GLS developed their own systems, managed the organizational changes, and utilized ICT's impact toward strengthening its 3PL business model. CJ-GLS evolved from an e-business supporting LIS to a m-business supporting ubiquitous-oriented LIS, which achieved efficiency in OMS and TPS. Whenever they faced bottlenecks and problems, they overcame those problems through organizational and technological change. When inefficiencies occurred from the existing business process, new technology was deployed. Once a new business process is enabled by technology, employees are educated and organizational changes follow. CJ-GLS has built its competitive advantage through expanding capabilities, such as human resources and new technological innovations, rather than an expansion of tangible assets, such as warehouses and freight fleets, and has focused on its core competency, as well as strengthening its competitive advantage through utilizing technological innovation. Because expansion of global e-business has brought about infinite global competition, companies must devote themselves to finding a new growth engine. Under these circumstances, the Blue Ocean strategy provides a guideline for how companies can survive by creating new, uncontested market space instead of competing in the existing market. CJ-GLS is an ongoing project and will continue until late 2007 or early 2008. We will continue this research by monitoring the future progress of this project.