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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|119595||2017||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 257, November 2017, Pages 186-192
Cognitive models of psychosis suggest that unhelpful ways of responding to experiences can maintain such experiences and the associated distress. The response styles of attentional avoidance and attentional focusing were manipulated in an analogue voice-hearing task. Predictions were that both would increase detection of words in response to an ambiguous audio-recording but that attentional avoidance would lead to a greater increase than focusing. We also predicted that there would be a greater increase in anxiety and distress in the avoidance group. Predictions were tested in a sample of 44 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Participants were randomly assigned to either attentional avoidance or focusing while listening to an ambiguous auditory task. Number of words identified and anxiety and distress were recorded. As predicted, there was an increase in the number of words identified in both groups; however, this increase was greater in the avoidance group. The prediction that there would also be an increase in distress that would be greater in the avoidance group was not supported. It is possible that emotional reactions relate more closely to appraisals of the voice. The results suggest that avoidance of experiences is particularly counterproductive and can result in greater detection of experiences.