نمایندگی های الکل از لحاظ اجتماعی موقعیت دارند: تحقیق در مورد نمایندگی های آشامیدنی با استفاده از یک کار تولید ملک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|161402||2018||40 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Appetite, Volume 120, 1 January 2018, Pages 654-665
Previous research suggests that people's representations of alcoholic beverages play an important role in drinking behavior. However, relatively little is known about the contents of these representations. Here, we introduce the property generation task as a tool to explore these representations in detail. In a laboratory study (NÂ =Â 110), and a bar field-study (NÂ =Â 56), participants listed typical properties of alcoholic beverages, sugary beverages, and water. Each of these properties was then categorized using a previously developed, hierarchical coding scheme. For example, the property âsweetâ was categorized as referring to âtasteâ, which falls under âsensory experienceâ, which falls under âconsumption situationâ. Afterwards, participants completed measures of drinking behavior and alcohol craving. Results showed that alcoholic beverages were strongly represented in terms of consumption situations, with 57% and 69% of properties relating to consumption in the laboratory and the bar study, respectively. Specifically, alcoholic beverages were more strongly represented in terms of the social context of consumption (e.g., âwith friendsâ) than the other beverages. In addition, alcoholic beverages were strongly represented in terms of sensory experiences (e.g. âsweetâ) and positive outcomes (e.g. âcreates funâ), as were the sugary beverages and water. In Study 1, the extent to which alcoholic beverages were represented in terms of social context was positively associated with craving and regularly consuming alcohol. The property generation task provides a useful tool to access people's idiosyncratic representations of alcoholic beverages. This may further our understanding of drinking behavior, and help to tailor research and interventions to reduce drinking of alcoholic and other high-calorie beverages.