تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد یک موتور حرارتی خورشیدمحور با irreversibilities خارجی تحت شرایط تراکم قدرت و قدرت حداکثر
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 45, Issues 11–12, July 2004, Pages 1941–1947
Thermodynamic optimizations based on the maximum power and maximum power density criteria have been performed for a solar-driven heat engine with external irreversibilities. In the analysis, it is assumed that the heat transfer from the hot reservoir is to be in the radiation mode and the heat transfer to the cold reservoir is to be in the convection mode. The power and power density functions have been derived, and maximization of these functions has been performed for various design parameters. The obtained results for the maximum power and power density conditions have been compared.
Power optimization studies of heat engines using finite time thermodynamics were started by Chambadal  and Novikov  and were continued by Curzon and Ahlborn . Firstly, Curzon and Ahlborn  studied the performance of an endoreversible Carnot heat engine at maximum power output. During the last decade, many power optimization studies for heat engines based on endoreversible and irreversible models have been performed . Wu , Chen and Wu  and Chen et al.  have taken specific power output (power output per unit total heat transfer area) as the optimization criterion. The first finite time thermodynamic analysis was performed for a solar-driven heat engine by Sahin . He showed the optimum operating conditions for a solar-driven heat engine under maximum power output, and he also developed his model by considering the collective role of radiation and convection heat transfer from the hot reservoir . Sahin et al. ,  and  performed optimization studies for an endoreversible Carnot heat engine and for reversible and irreversible Joule–Brayton heat engines using the power density as a new criterion. They showed that the power density analysis takes the effect of the engine size into account as related to the investment cost. This paper analyzes the maximum power and the maximum power density performances for a reversible Carnot cycle with external irreversibilities of heat transfer of a solar-driven heat engine and, by comparison with published results, shows that the published results that employ finite time thermodynamics and endoreversibility are entirely equivalent to the same case analyzed by the classical reversible Carnot cycle with external irreversibilities of heat transfer.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
A maximum power and power density analysis of a reversible solar-driven heat engine with external irreversibilities is performed. The obtained results are compared with published results that employ finite time thermodynamics. It is shown that the efficiency at maximum power density is bigger than the efficiency at maximum power output. It is also shown that the results of finite time thermodynamics and endoreversibility are entirely equivalent to the same case analyzed by a classical reversible Carnot cycle with external irreversibilities of heat transfer.