تجزیه و تحلیل عملکرد از فرمت مدولاسیون های مختلف در سیستم ارتباطات نوری فضای آزاد
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, Volume 124, Issue 20, October 2013, Pages 4651–4654
In this article, different modulation format RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ on free space optical communication system has been investigated. It has been observed that external modulation gave us better performance in comparison to direct modulation because direct NRZ spectrum has a strong carrier component compared to external modulated NRZ. Simulation results show that RZ modulation format is best for long distance. Where NRZ is used for short distance and it is less complex, cheaper in comparison to RZ.
Free Space Optics (FSO) is an optical communication technology that uses light propagating in free space to transmit data between two points. This technology is useful where a fiber optic cable is impractical. It is similar to fiber optic communications in that data is transmitted by modulated laser light . Instead of containing the pulses of light with in a glass fiber, these are transmitted in a narrow beam through the atmosphere. Light travels through air faster than glass, so FSO is communication at the speed of light in atmosphere. The stability and quality of the link is highly dependent on atmospheric factors such as rain, fog, dust and heat. FSO used in military systems because of their inherent benefits as most of the systems are rated for greater than 1 km in three or more lasers operating in parallel to mitigate distance-related issues. The quality of the transmission is characterized by the realized bit-error rate (BER) . Free Space Optics (FSO) is a cost effective and attractive solution for high data rate and voice transmission . FSO has received significant possible alternative to solve the bottleneck connectivity problem and as an alternative to more conventional RF/microwave links . The three factors that affect the optical transmission are absorption, Scattering and scintillation  and . All these can reduce the amount of energy received by receiver. Absorption is caused primarily by carbon dioxide and water vapor in the air along the transmission path. Their presence is a function of both humidity and altitude. This causes a decrease in the power density (attenuation) of the FSO beam and directly affects the availability of a system. However, the use of appropriate power based on atmospheric conditions and the use of spatial diversity (multiple beams within an FSO based unit) helps maintain the required level of network availability  and . This focused the impact of transmission power and attenuation in free space optical communication system. It had shown BER of received data increases when transmission power is decreases and also increase when attenuation increases . Here investigated the impact of with and without FEC in free space optics communication for different bit-rates. It had shown that forward error correction technique yields the highest Q2 value and lowest BER in Free Space Optics (FSO) communication . This  evaluated transmission in atmospheric concerning 650 nm laser beam, which it utilizing a low power and allowed maximum range of 300 m of data rate 100 Mbps experimentally. This allowed maximum range of 300 m at data rate 100 Mbps and evaluated low power used in atmospherics channel concern 650 nm laser beam. Here  compared the maximum transmission distance with NRZ and RZ modulations for two different laser inter-satellite communication scenarios. Simulation results shown long-range laser inter-satellite communication system with a saturated booster optical amplifier, the RZ modulation scheme can offer a longer transmission distance than NRZ modulation scheme. This  gave comparative study of different modulation formats for single channel systems. In this article work, we have presented the simulation investigation of FSO transmission system at different modulation format of RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ. The simulative setup description of FSO system is reported in Section 2 followed by the simulation results discussion in Section 3. The conclusion drawn from our simulation results is presented in Section 4.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This article targets the impact of direct and external modulation with different modulation formats. It has been observed that external modulation gave us better performance in comparison to direct modulation because direct NRZ spectrum has a strong carrier component compared to external modulated NRZ and there are dip null at multiples of the bit rate. Further, external modulation has also been investigated with different modulation format (NRZ, CSRZ, CRZ and RZ). It has been observed that there is significant decrease in Q value which lies within [27–11], [26–10.5], [25.5–10.5] and [22.5–10] for transmission distance 8 km, 7.5 km, 7 km and 6 km in case of RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ modulation format respectively and in the BER case, it is observed that there is increase in BER which lies within [10−98 to 10−4], [10−98 to 10−3], [10−98 to 10−4] and [10−42 to 10−3] for transmission distance of 8 km, 7.5 km, 7 km and 6 km in case of RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ modulation format respectively. In other case it has been observed that there is significant increase in Q value which lies within [7–17], [10–20], [10.5–20.5] and [12–22] for transmission distance of 6 km in case of RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ modulation format respectively and in the BER case, it is observed that there is decrease in BER lies within [10−2 to 10−9], [10−3 to 10−19], [10−4 to 10−22] and [10−5 to 10−29] for transmission distance 6 km, in case of RZ, CRZ, CSRZ and NRZ modulation format respectively at transmission power vary from 6 to 11 dBm. It is concluded that RZ modulation format is best for long distance, but is complex and costly. Where NRZ is used for short distance and it is less complex, cheaper in comparison to RZ.