رشد بهره وری و پتانسیل های یادگیری صنایع تایلندی
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 69, Issue 1, January 2002, Pages 89–101
Enhancing technical potentials in enterprises has become an important issue in various dimensions found in the literature. The learning-by-doing alone will not keep technology dependency firms competitive in the global economy. This article presents a new framework of linkages for technology concentration industries classified under the ISIC category (light and heavy industry) and learning potentials of Thai industry under a platform of technology acquisition. A measure of productivity growth is to see the impetus for technology transfer whereas the learning curve estimation technique is a tool to measure the learning potentials of Thai industry. This is a try to measure the competence progression emerged from technical productivity and the collective learning across boundaries of Thai industry. This aims at exploring a relationship between technical productivity and learning potentials of Thai industry. The article also presents clusters of industries with good learning potentials, and learning effect that implies the marginal return to resources allocated for productivity improvement of which it varies across industries.
A major driving force to national growth in most of developing countries has been recognized as technology input through its means of transfer or acquisition and this has been accepted as a dependant for success in developing countries in recent years. Thailand, as the fastest growing economy in the past has relied heavily on inputs from imports and heavy investments in machinery through technology transfer which have caused high current account deficit for years . To enhance the technical productivity with learning improvements in an enterprise, Total Factor Productivity (TFP) and the learning potentials are inevitably applied as a mean to investigate and understand mechanisms of recipient enterprises as a result of technology acquisition. This constitutes a dynamic element of technological capabilities for firms in the long run development.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Based on the result of the study, it is found that TFP growth reflecting an advance in the state of technology with the experienced curve elasticity is found diminishing during the period and the technologically sophisticated concentration industries are having steeper learning curves than the less complex industries. It provides evidence undoubtedly that the Asian crisis is expected to make Thai manufacturing industries undergo a structural reform in manufacturing facilities due to their over-reliance on technology instruments rather than the know-how technical skills and the learning potentials needed. A redirection towards technical profile to improve the technical potentials and its capability to develop technology acquired beyond the technological limit is necessary to overcome the crisis. A re-concentration of policy framework for industrial promotion and development with an appropriate mean is necessary.