دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره122858
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله

مشکلات حافظه هر روز در سوء مصرف الکل و وابستگی: فرکانس، الگوهای و توافق طرفدار بیمار

عنوان انگلیسی
Everyday memory problems in alcohol abuse and dependence: Frequency, patterns and patient-proxy agreement
کد مقاله سال انتشار تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی
122858 2018 57 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید
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منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Psychiatry Research, Volume 261, March 2018, Pages 488-497

ترجمه کلمات کلیدی
پرسشنامه حافظه چشم انداز و گذشته نگر، سوء مصرف الکل وابستگی الکلی، حافظه روزمره، بیمار توافق پروکسی،
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire; Alcohol abuse; Alcohol dependence; Everyday memory; Patient–proxy agreement;
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقالهمشکلات حافظه هر روز در سوء مصرف الکل و وابستگی: فرکانس، الگوهای و توافق طرفدار بیمار

چکیده انگلیسی

Using self-report to assess everyday memory in alcoholics presents challenges given the presence of both memory and metamemory deficits. Accordingly, evaluation of the reliability and validity of proxy ratings as well as the frequency of these memory lapses are of clinical importance. In the present study, 180 patient-proxy dyads completed the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). 31.7% of proxy-rated versus 2.8% of patient-rated prospective memory scores fell in the impaired to below average range. 15% of proxy-rated retrospective memory scores were below average, whereas none of the patients reported problems in this regard. Longer delays between intention formation and action yielded better prospective memory performance, while the opposite was true for retrospective memory. Agreement between patients and proxies was generally poor to fair across severity levels and the magnitude of observed differences was large (standardized response mean > 0.8). For all PRMQ items, exact agreement occurred in 45.3% of the cases. Larger patient-proxy discrepancy was associated with older age, less education and greater disease severity. Proxy ratings were internally consistent, significantly correlated with objective memory performance, and were sensitive to differences in overall PRMQ performance between severity groups. Caution should be used in the interpretations of patients' reports.

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