شناخت رابطه بین خلاقیت و روحیه : یک فرا تحلیل
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|2221||2009||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Volume 108, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 25–38
A meta-analysis of 62 experimental and 10 non-experimental studies was conducted to evaluate the positive-mood-enhances-creativity generalization. While the results demonstrate that positive mood enhances creativity, the strength of that effect is contingent upon the comparative or referent mood state (i.e., neutral or negative mood) as well as the type of creative task. Further, the pattern of effect sizes supports a curvilinear relationship between affective intensity and creative performance. In general, a contextual perspective of mood–creativity relations is supported.
A large body of theoretical and empirical work testifies to the keen interest in how affective states influence work-related cognition and behavior (Forgas & George, 2001). One domain that has received considerable attention is the relationship between affect and creativity. The current emphasis that many firms place on enhancing creativity, a key to organizational effectiveness and competitive advantage (Amabile, 1996 and Woodman et al., 1993), is a strong impetus for creativity research. Further, there is general agreement that tasks of creative thinking are mood sensitive. Unfortunately, whether positive or negative moods facilitate or inhibit creativity is an ongoing debate in the literature. On the one hand, a number of studies support the view that positive mood facilitates creativity across a range of tasks (e.g., Forgas, 2000, Hirt, 1999 and Isen et al., 1987) leading some researchers to conclude that “pleasant moods promote original thinking” (Lyubomirsky, King, & Diener, 2005). On the other hand, findings that contradict the positive mood—enhanced creativity perspective have been reported. In fact, some studies demonstrate that positive moods can inhibit creativity and negative moods can facilitate it (George and Zhou, 2002 and Kaufmann and Vosburg, 2002). Consequently, Kaufmann, 2003 contends that a positive-mood-promotes-creativity generalization is premature; rather, researchers should adopt a contingency view that incorporates contextual characteristics and conditions likely to moderate mood–creativity relationships. To shed some light on this debate, this paper presents a meta-analytic review of mood–creativity research. Given the conflicting perspectives on the relationship, a primary objective of the research is to provide evidence for the direction and magnitude of mood effects on creativity, and investigate moderator variables with the potential for altering those effects. The criteria for including or excluding studies for any meta-analysis necessitate a coherent definition of the focal constructs. In fact, varying theoretical and empirical definitions employed in mood–creativity studies may explain some of the inconsistent results in this literature. Accordingly, the paper begins with an overview of creativity. Next, concepts and definitions of mood are addressed. Lastly, theory and hypotheses linking mood and creativity are presented.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This review examined the relationship between mood and creativity. Questions surrounding the positive-mood-promotes-creativity generalization have prompted calls for a contingency or contextual view of mood effects on creativity. Results from this study support a contextual perspective. Specifically, if one’s focus is creative ideation—fluidity, originality, and flexibility—the data support a positive-mood-enhances creativity generalization. Although other components of the creative process suggest a role for negative mood, this analysis did not reveal any definite benefits of negative moods for creative performance. Overall, these results are consistent with the more general view that positive emotions lead people to think and act in ways that promote effectiveness in a variety of domains.