ارزیابی اهداف کارآفرینی دانش آموزان دبیرستان فنی و حرفه ای بر اساس مفهوم خودکارآمدی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|9404||2012||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 58, 12 October 2012, Pages 934–943
In this study entrepreneurship intentions of pupils, who are registered in different programmes of Vocational High School, have been measured. Related literature about the entrepreneurship reviewed and questions of the survey are based on self efficacy concept. Our aim is to interpret the future opinions of pupils about entrenepreneurship through self-efficacy. Entrepreneurship lectures have been taught in nature of entrepreneuership and small business management both Faculties and Vocational High Schools in Turkey. The study is applied on the pupils of Business Management, Computer Programming, Cookingand Convenience Food, State and State Management, Hair Care and Beauty programme. We studied the entrepreneurship intentions through programme and pupil profiles. This intentions were benchmarked with theoric hypotheses and some of attractive results were reached.
To provide welfare, economic growth, and to sustain development, countries will be realized with the intentions of citizens towards setting up their own businesses how to perceive entrepreneurship (Hindle, 2000:316). Yought are the most important resource and competency in this field. Yet the pupil at the beginning of professional careers who want to choose professions after graduation is in particular an important dimension of entrepreneurial intentions. In this context entrepreneurship among young people who started to college is becoming a serious and important consideration in career field (Kennedy et al, 2003:1). In this study self-efficacy approach is used as a supportive theoretical concept. Almost every field of life career such as performance, leadership, relationships, etc. as well as entrepreneurship, the concept of self-efficacy is used as an important approach that explained intention of entrepreneurship (Moen and Allgood, 2009:71). Intention of entrepreneurship is a special issue of business literature. Therefore entrepreneurial intentions not only to take a shape students personalities but also shaping depending on the priority objectives of the changing conditions of life according to their preferences and expectations. Engaging in a new job is defined as a deliberate choice affected by self-interest of individuals (Chen et al, 1998:297).
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
As a result of this study it is understood that pupils have hesitate about entrepreneurship attraction is a good carrier. Entrepreneurship attraction results are very close to average in every programme. According to this result in Turkey young people do not see entrepreneurship enough attractive in social meaning. So we can say that entreprenurship have to encourage seriously. According to this analysis with the phenomenon of entrepreneurship the links between internal motivation and expectations is weaker and reflects different career paths for students. In this sense we can say that a belief developing more slowly than the spirit of entrepreneurship. Pupils show two kind of self efficacy before deciding entreprenurs. The first one is looking future hopefully or having opmistics and making preparations forentrepreneurship. The second one is respond well to the culture that is created by environmental opportunities such as family, relatives, friends, colleagues that support entrepreneurship. It is seen that social supports and mother-father actions (conceptual factors) as well as teachers and friend affect self efficacy of pupils. The youngs with more self efficacy have more self confidence and perceive opprotunities clear. In This concept self efficacy is evaluated as an important factor which affect future successes and entrepreneurs intention of pupils.