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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|6359||2000||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Volume 68, Issue 2, May 2000, Pages 105-112
This paper considers a repairable system which undergoes preventive maintenance (PM) periodically and is minimally repaired at each failure. Most preventive maintenance models assume that the system improves at each PM so that the hazard rate is reduced to that of a new system or to some specified level. In this paper, we consider the situation where each PM relieves stress temporarily and hence slows the rate of system degradation, while the hazard rate of the system remains monotonically increasing. The optimal number and period for the periodic PM that minimize the expected cost rate per unit time over an infinite time span are obtained. We also consider the case when the minimal repair cost varies with time. Explicit solutions for the optimal periodic PM are given for the Weibull distribution case.
Preventive maintenance (PM) is the action taken on a system while it is still operating, which is carried out in order to keep the system at the desired level of operation. The optimal PM policy not only reduces the cost of maintaining a system in satisfactory conditions, but also improves the productivity of the system. The term “optimum” means “minimizing the expected cost rate per unit time over finite or infinite time span”. The PM policies are adapted to slow the degradation process of the system while the system is operating and to extend the system life. A number of PM policies have been proposed in the literature. These policies are typically to determine the optimum interval between PMs to minimize the average cost over a finite time span. Barlow and Hunter  consider a PM policy of periodic replacement with minimal repair at any intervening failures. Nakagawa  proposes optimum policies when the preventive maintenance is imperfect. Nguyen and Murthy  study two types of PM policies for a repairable system and assume that the life distribution of a system changes after each repair in such a way that its failure rate increases with the number of repairs carried out. Murthy and Nguyen  study the optimal age replacement policy with imperfect preventive maintenance. The preventive is imperfect in the sense that it can cause failure of a non-failed system. Canfield  discusses a periodic PM model for which the PM slows the degradation process of the system, while the hazard rate keeps monotone increase. Chun  considers determination of the optimal number of periodic preventive maintenance operations during the warranty period. Most of preventive maintenance models assume that the hazard rate of a repairable system after each PM is restored to like new or to some specified level. However, for most repairable systems, the maintenance action is not necessarily the replacement of the whole system, but is used to slow the rate of system degradation. Hence the system may not be restored to as good as new immediately after the completion of maintenance action. In this paper, we consider a periodic PM policy which is assumed to relieve stress temporarily after each PM and hence slow the rate of system degradation. The system is maintained preventively at periodic times kx and is replaced by a new system at the Nth PM, where k=1,2,…,N. If the system fails between PMs, it undergoes only minimal repair and hence, the hazard rate remains undisturbed by any of these minimal repairs. The expression to compute the expected cost rate per unit time is derived. We also obtain the optimal period x and the optimal number N for the periodic PM, which minimize the expected cost rate per unit time for an infinite time span. Section 2 describes the periodic PM model and its assumptions. In Section 3, we present the expressions for the expected cost rate for the periodic PM. In Section 4, we consider the problem of finding the optimal period and number for the periodic PM policies simultaneously. Section 5 deals with a periodic PM policy for a repairable system when minimal repair cost varies with time. Section 6 presents the explicit solutions for the optimal periodic PM policies when the failure time follows a Weibull distribution.