حافظه کلامی ثانویه: endophenotype بالقوه اسکیزوفرنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|77163||2004||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 38, Issue 6, November–December 2004, Pages 601–612
This study aimed at identifying neuropsychological endophenotypes of schizophrenia which met the criteria of stability and sensitivity. Twenty-six non-schizophrenic first-degree relatives together with their affected family members (all simplex-families) underwent assessment with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery both at baseline and 13 months follow-up. Follow-up patients were in a state of stable remission. Further, 21 unrelated, demographically balanced, non-vulnerable controls were tested one at a time. A principal components analysis of our test battery resulted in four factors: (1) Vigilance, attention, and psychomotor, (2) secondary verbal memory, (3) immediate and working memory, and (3) abstraction and problem solving. At baseline testing our study revealed a pattern of selective cognitive deficits in the relative group that is less pronounced, yet qualitatively similar, to that found in the patient sample. The most severe deficits displayed both the patients and their relatives in the secondary verbal memory domain. The dysfunctions in secondary verbal memory at baseline testing significantly correlated with negative symptoms only. Secondary verbal memory deficits proved to be relatively independent of age at onset of illness, illness duration, and neuroleptic dosage. Longitudinally, dysfunctions in the patients' secondary verbal memory fluctuated over time and with negative symptoms, and persisted in remitted patients at the same level as in their relatives. In conclusion, the secondary verbal memory met the criteria of relative stability and sensitivity in our sample of simplex-families. Thus, the secondary verbal memory seems to be a potential endophenotypic marker of schizophrenia, even for cases with a hypothetically lower genetic loading.