مدل شبیه سازی حجم محدود برای جریان اشباع شده و اشباع نشده و کاربرد آن در گوبارم، باندربرگ، کوئینزلند، استرالیا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|9215||2006||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Mathematical Modelling, Volume 30, Issue 4, April 2006, Pages 352–366
In this paper, a two-dimensional control volume finite-element computational model is developed for simulating saltwater intrusion in a heterogeneous coastal alluvial aquifer system at Gooburrum located near Bundaberg in Queensland, Australia. The model consists of a coupled system of two non-linear partial differential equations. The first equation describes the flow of a variable-density fluid, and the second equation describes the transport of dissolved salt via a form of the Fokker–Planck equation. The outcomes of the work demonstrate that transport simulation techniques provide excellent tools for hydraulic investigations even when complex transition zones are involved.
Saltwater intrusion is an important environmental problem for coastal aquifers of Queensland, Australia. Coastal aquifer systems in Queensland supply up to 370 000 megalitres of groundwater per annum for irrigation, industrial and town water purposes. In this paper, a coastal alluvial aquifer system is studied as a test case. This particular aquifer system, which comprises the tertiary Elliott formation and Fairymead beds, has supplied water for irrigation during the past 40 years. A major problem that has arisen is that excessive demand for groundwater in these coastal areas has stretched the aquifers beyond their long-term yield and resulted in saltwater intrusion with a substantial loss of agricultural land . Since the 1960s, 12 500 ha of land in Gooburrum alone have been lost to saltwater intrusion and the saltwater interface is estimated to be currently moving at around 100 m per annum in the highly permeable channels . The dynamics of the circulation of saltwater in the region is still not well understood. Saturated–unsaturated, variable-density flow and transport modelling is a difficult problem, which is compounded by the fact that the regional aquifer in the Bundaberg area is unconfined, whereby the water surface fluctuates with time. In this paper, a two-dimensional control volume finite-element model is developed to simulate saltwater intrusion in a vertical section of the heterogeneous aquifer system at Gooburrum. The research demonstrates that transport simulation techniques provide excellent tools for hydraulic investigation even when complex transition zones are involved. Furthermore, such tools have potential for assisting strategic decision making concerning water resource management.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Analysis of a freshwater–saltwater aquifer system that contains a relatively narrow transition zone is a very difficult problem for saturated and unsaturated flow, variable-density transport simulation. In this paper, a two-dimensional control volume finite-element method transport model has been described. This model has been used to successfully simulate the saltwater intrusion into the aquifer system at Gooburrum. The methods and techniques discussed in this paper can also be extended to three-dimensional problems, which will be the subject of future research work.