حساسیت جرثقیل های ربات صنعتی به اشتباهات پارامترهای مدل حرکتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|18214||2001||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Mechanism and Machine Theory, Volume 36, Issue 6, June 2001, Pages 673–682
In this paper it is focused on sensitivity analyses of position and orientation coordinates of manipulator gripper to errors of kinematics' parameters. Also it is focused on sensitivity analyses of mass forces to errors of dynamics' parameters. In these models the transform graphs are used. These graphs were presented by the author of this paper in The First Int. Conf. Graphs & Mechanics. Practical methods of kinematics' calibration make use of the linear differential error of the kinematics' model. This model is based on the Jacobian of the direct kinematics' model with respect to parameters of this model. These methods use the theory of minimum-square identification of kinematics' parameters too. Practical methods of dynamics' calibration make use of the dynamics models, which are in a linear form in relation to dynamics' parameters. These methods use the theory of minimum-square identification of dynamics' parameters. Measurements are one of the steps of calibration. These measurements should be carried out in the manipulator's states in which the errors of kinematics' parameters cause the largest errors of the gripper's positioning or errors of dynamics' parameters cause the largest errors of the mass forces. These states are named as the most sensitive to errors of kinematics' parameters or as the most sensitive to errors of dynamics' parameters. In this paper measures of sensitivity of the gripper's positioning to errors of kinematics' parameters, and measures of sensitivity of the mass forces to errors of dynamics' parameters are proposed. The example for the calculation of sensitivity of the gripper's positioning for IRb-6 manipulator is presented too.
Applying of industrial robots is connected with difficulties in their use. One of the factors which helps us in their use are systems of autonomous programming of robots named off-line . These systems are important in the programming of contemporary industrial tools as well as are the basis of research into robotics area . Systems of autonomous programming make robots user-friendly because they allow illustrating by means of computer graphics the planned operations. Models of manipulators' motion, which are used in system off-line, have to assure appropriate compatibility between real manipulator. Manipulators are complex mechanical systems and therefore modelling of these is difficult. The number of parameters of models of manipulators' motion is large. The problems connected with this modelling were presented by the author of this paper in The First Int. Conf. Graphs & Mechanics and in papers  and . For example the models of manipulators' motion of IRb-6 possess 38 kinematics' parameters and 110 dynamics' parameters  and . In order to assure compatibility it is necessary to lead to the calibration of models' parameters which is based on the measurements of real characteristics of manipulators. Calibration can be carried out when the nominal values of parameters of model are obtained earlier. It is possible to obtain the nominal values of kinematics' parameters through measurement or reading the ones from technical documentation . The nominal value of dynamics' parameters can be calculated from sizes and mass distribution ,  and . These values of parameters are essential for sensitivity analyses of the most important parameters of manipulators' characteristics to individual parameters of model.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The sensitivities Sg, Sgw and Sk which are proposed in Section 2 allow us to compare the effect of all and individual errors of kinematics' parameters on position and orientation of the gripper. Also these sensitivities allow us to compare the effect of all and individual errors of dynamics' parameters on mass forces of actuators. This comparison allows to find a set of most sensitive manipulators' states. Effect of errors kinematics' parameters on error of position and orientation of the gripper or errors of dynamics' parameters on mass forces of actuators is the biggest in these states. Therefore measurements for calibration needs should be carried out in most sensitive states. It results from Section 3 that natural coordinates of actuators Θa1÷Θa4 do not change in 10 most sensitive configurations for weight coefficients w1÷w6=1 only natural coordinates of actuator Θa5 change. Parametrical sensitivities S1÷S14 and S17 do not change in these configurations. Only sensitivities S15 and S16 change. In practical methods of calibration which use linearized differential of direct kinematics' model are needed the calculations of the Jacobian View the MathML source. Therefore the mentioned computer program WRAZL is essential for the preparation of computer program which aids this calibration. Also in methods of calibration of dynamics' model values of derivatives ∂ui/∂pk are needed.