مطالعه شبیه سازی در سرعت بحرانی طولی تهویه تونل آتش
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|10103||2013||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, , Volume 52, 2013, Pages 67-71
The critical velocity of tunnel fire of ten groups power from 10 to 100 MW were simulated using FDS. The critical velocities under different fire power were determined. For example 50MW tunnel fire. The inside the tunnel temperature, speed and visibility distribution at Y = 5m under the critical velocity were studied. Through the comparison of the gas average temperature of fire source upstream and downstream, and the average visibility of 0-195m,195-250m, 250-300m, 300-350m, 350-400m. The effects of the critical velocity to rescue and evacuation during tunnel fire were analyzed. The relationship curve between critical velocity and heat release rate was fitted out, and obtained that the simulation curve is closer to the results of Bettis by contrast with the empirical formula of Bettis and Thomas.
In recent years, all over the world have occurred tunnel fire. Tunnel is a long narrow confined space. Once the fire occurs, the internal temperature is higher; the heat is not easy to dissipate. The smoke diffusion and evacuation channel is, fire fighting and evacuation is extremely difficult, often resulting in significant casualties and property losses .Therefore, it’s necessary for researchers to conduct scientific in-depth study on tunnel fire [3-4]. The main research methods of tunnel fire contain the full-size method, the laboratory experiment (scale model), the computer numerical simulation and other methods. Due to the high cost of operation, full scale fire experiment is restricted, and although model experimental study can effectively reduce the experiment cost, but the model proportion is constrained by the reliability of fire similarity.theory. In fact shrink size range very limited, to the existing technical conditions, the intensity range of tunnel fire is limited.Most of the studies have been done on the critical velocity of tunnel fire at home and abroad. On the basis of analyzing the aw of flue gas countercurrent layer length variation, ZHAO Wangda etc. established the relationship between flue gas countercurrent length and heat release rate of ignition source, ventilation rate and section equivalent diameter, obtained the formula of the length of flue gas countercurrent layer by data fitting. SHU Ning etc.  simulated the ventilation when the tunnel occured fire, and studied the flue gas spread characteristics in the tunnel. Using the 1000K as the high temperature point of the fire center, but didn’t consider the dynamic characteristics of the fire. Bettis etc. [7-8] carried out the experiment of full-size mine tunnel fire. When the fire power is low, critical velocity and fire power is proportional to1/3 power. The American scholar  carried out the fire experiment of full-size tunnel in Memorial Tunnel. The study has shown that when the fire power is higher, the critical velocity obtained from the empirical formula higher than the experimental value 5% -15%. Oka and Atkinson studied the flue gas movement in horizontal tunnel using1/10 scale model, the research results has once again proven Bettis and others full-scale test results.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
(1) It’s obvious that the critical velocity plays an important role in rescue and evacuation of tunnel fire. (2) The critical velocity is determined under different fire size by simulation, and the results consistent with Bettis empirical formula. (3) The simulation results provide a reference for the design of tunnel longitudinal ventilation system for engineers and technicians.