بررسی پذیرش فناوری توسط معلمان مدرسه: یک مطالعه طولی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|13287||2003||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Information & Management, Volume 41, Issue 2, December 2003, Pages 227–241
The role of information technology (IT) in education has significantly increased, but resistance to technology by public school teachers worldwide remains high. This study examined public school teachers’ technology acceptance decision-making by using a research model that is based on key findings from relevant prior research and important characteristics of the targeted user acceptance phenomenon. The model was longitudinally tested using responses from more than 130 teachers attending an intensive 4-week training program on Microsoft PowerPoint™, a common but important classroom presentation technology. In addition to identifying key acceptance determinants, we examined plausible changes in acceptance drivers over the course of the training, including their influence patterns and magnitudes. Overall, our model showed a reasonably good fit with the data and exhibited satisfactory explanatory power, based on the responses collected from training commencement and completion. Our findings suggest a highly prominent and significant core influence path from job relevance to perceived usefulness and then technology acceptance. Analysis of data collected at the beginning and the end of the training supports most of our hypotheses and sheds light on plausible changes in their influences over time. Specifically, teachers appear to consider a rich set of factors in initial acceptance but concentrate on fundamental determinants (e.g. perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use) in their continued acceptance.
The role of information technology (IT) in modern education has increased significantly over the past two decades, but resistance to technology remains considerably high . While technology-supported teaching/learning has become increasingly important in education , ,  and , fostering technology acceptance (as defined by Gattiker ) among individual educators remains a critical challenge for school administrators, technology advocates, and concerned government agencies. Understandably, pervasive technology acceptance by school teachers is required for realizing the technology-empowered teaching/learning paradigm advocated by visionary educators and IT professionals. As Keen  commented, “it is not the software but the human side of the implementation cycle that will block progress in seeing that the delivered systems are used effectively.” Fundamental to teaching activities is the preparation and presentation of the materials that are selected and packaged to disseminate knowledge. Towards this end, use of an adequate technology can enable teachers to become increasingly effective in preparing, presenting, describing and transferring knowledge, thus nourishing, inspiring, and advancing students’ developments. Morrison and Vogel  have therefore advocated effective use of technology-supported presentation visuals to enhance students’ comprehension and retention of course materials. As a group, teachers may subtly differ from end-users in ordinary business settings. For instance, teachers are relatively independent and have considerable autonomy over their teaching activities, including technology choice and use. This suggests a professional orientation  that might lead to differences in teachers’ technology acceptance compared to that of business users. Public schools are institutions whose objectives fundamentally differ from those of business organizations: teachers usually have less peer competition for resources or promotion. From a research perspective, such characteristics can affect teachers’ technology acceptance which, as a result, may differ from that of business workers examined in most previous research. Teachers have lasting impact on students’ intellectual developments, value systems, and attitudinal beliefs, including those concerning technology. Also public school teachers are not particularly technology-savvy, partially because the older ones received training when technology was less developed and pervasive. This, together with a demanding workload and stringent time constraints, can severely hinder technology acceptance by individual teachers, which may have been partially responsible for the lack of convincing evidence supporting technology’s impacts on learning in K-12 education . Our research longitudinally examined technology acceptance decisions by public school teachers. In addition to identifying key acceptance drivers, we examined how their decision-making may differ from that of business end-users. Specifically, we developed a model for explaining teachers’ technology acceptance decision-making, taking into account findings from relevant prior research and important characteristics of the targeted education context. We tested this model using the responses from more than 130 teachers in Hong Kong. The particular technology examined was Microsoft PowerPoint™, which can greatly facilitate teachers’ organizing, archiving, presenting, updating and sharing class materials .
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Overall, our model showed a reasonably good fit with the data collected; it exhibited satisfactory power for explaining technology acceptance decisions by teachers. Specifically, our findings suggest a prominent and significant influence pattern from job relevance to technology usefulness and then user acceptance. In addition, our analysis sheds light on several interesting changes in key acceptance drivers and their influence patterns and magnitudes over time. Furthermore, teachers are likely to consider a rich set of factors when making initial acceptance decisions, but concentrate on fundamental acceptance determinants in their continued acceptance decision-making. The responses collected at the training commencement and completion support most of our hypotheses. Understanding key acceptance drivers and probable changes in influence patterns and magnitudes over time can help school administrators and technology professionals to identify areas that hinder user acceptance and to address underlying barriers to adoption . Given the importance of the influence pattern from job relevance to perceived usefulness and then user acceptance over time, technology professionals should anchor technology introduction in routine teaching support and enhancement rather than using examples not highly related to classroom activities. User support needs to be provided beyond initial training, and user training should aim at “signaling and conveying” the relevance and value of a technology, followed by conveniently accessible user support to facilitate teachers’ continued usage. School administrators also should consider creating user communities or interest groups to support and encourage experience sharing and technical knowledge transfers among teachers.