تعیین قابلیت های کلیدی در مدیریت فناوری با استفاده از فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی فازی: مطالعه موردی از ترکیه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|13507||2006||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Information Sciences, Volume 176, Issue 18, 22 September 2006, Pages 2755–2770
The importance of technology management is a vital determinant of long-run success or failure of organizations in today’s world. Since technology is a major driver of the global economic development, business professionals seek more effective ways to manage existing and emerging technology. This study proposes a model to understand the links between competitive advantages, competitive priorities and competencies of a firm in the context of the technology management. We use the fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to analyze these links. Moreover, we examine the perception of a group of managers from different Turkish firms regarding the technology management. The main result of this paper is that the concept of the management of technology arises to be much more important than both the product technology and the process technology.
Today’s markets are creating a new competitive environment which causes manufacturing firms to shift from industrial systems driven by hard-automation to post-industrial systems where success depends on quick response to customer requirements for customized, high quality products . In the post-industrial environment; high quality, reliability, timely delivery, enhanced customer service, rapid new product introduction, flexible systems, and efficient capital deployment are the primary sources of competitive advantage. Since technology is a major driver of global economic development, business professionals seek better ways to manage technology development. Burgelman et al.  emphasize that technology is a resource, which, when managed for competitive advantage, requires the integration with the firm’s strategy. Hayes and Pisano  argue that firms have to initiate a number of technologies to improve their competitive advantage. To be truly strategic, the challenge is to identify appropriate technology and formulate strategic plans that are consistent with their investment. When assessing the firms’ technological needs, managers need to consider their firms’ technological resource skills and competencies. However, managers do not necessarily possess all the skills required to develop a portfolio of technologies. As a result, this has translated into a critical need for people who are trained in managing different types of technological assets in varied commercial and non-commercial contexts. The management of technology is a vital determinant of long-run success or failure of organizations. It allows organizations to enter new markets, renew existing product lines and keep up with rapid technological developments in the environment where they survive. Among all of the influences in an organization’s environment, technology management is the key factor that may provide long term competitive advantages which must be kept under control by a firm. For a recent survey on this topic we can refer to the paper by Liao . In this work, we propose a framework to explore the links between competitive advantages, competitive priorities and competencies of a firm in the context of technology management. Understanding these links may help firms to identify appropriate technology and formulate their strategic plans accordingly. Technology management decisions require a special type of knowledge and expertise. We have used a fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (AHP) model as a tool of decision making to overcome the multi-criteria decision making issues regarding the technology management. Briefly, we investigate the effects of the following performance dimensions of the technology management: • Competitive advantages: Sales growth rate, profit, return on investment; • Competitive priorities: Cost, price, quality, flexibility (product range, changes in quantity) and, time (speed of design, production and distribution); • Competencies: Product technology, process technology, and technology management. In the next section, we formulate main research objective and define the competitive advantages, competitive priorities and competencies of a firm. We also discuss their relationships in the context of the technology management. In Section 3, we present the fuzzy AHP. In Section 4, we present the application of fuzzy AHP to the technology management.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we propose a model that helps understand the links between competitive advantages (growth, profit and ROI), competitive priorities (cost, price, quality, flexibility and time) and competencies (product technology, process technology and management of technology) of a firm. The key competencies are compared using the fuzzy AHP based on the input from the group of 16 managers from different Turkish firms. Investing in one technology (product or process technology) may result in a disruptive technological and organizational change. Moreover, the number of technologies that exist throughout a firm may further complicate the decision making. However, the management of technology is a balanced and integrative approach to deal with complex investment decisions on technology. The main result of this study is that product and process technologies alone will not provide competitive advantages. Therefore, the concept of the management of technology arises to be much more important than both the product technology and the process technology.