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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|21630||2000||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Energy, Volume 65, Issues 1–4, April 2000, Pages 107–113
Absorption spectroscopy with tunable diode lasers (TDLAS) in the infrared region is a well-known technique for the chemical analysis of gas mixtures. The laser provides a high selectivity, which is important in industrial environments such as in-line stack monitoring, where complex gas mixtures are present. A wavelength tunable diode laser in the near infrared region has been utilized as a light source in absorption measurements of air pollution resulting from energy usage for industry. The emission frequency can be varied over a relatively wide spectral range by changing the current and temperature of the diode.
Atmospheric pollution has become one of the most important environmental problems facing international society. The composition of the Earth's atmosphere is changing rapidly resulting from energy usage for industry and lack of control of industrial emissions in most countries. Some atmospheric pollutants, such as ozone, SO2, volatile hydrocarbons, CFCs and nitrogen oxides, can have a large impact on our environment, even in small concentrations. Major environmental problems such as acid rain, formation of smog, and the destruction of the ozone layer are due to the increasing concentration of these pollutants in the atmosphere. The detection of these pollutants, the identification of their sources and the surveillance of their evolution in the atmosphere, require analytical techniques of high sensitivity for real time and in situ measurements. All these features make TDLAS important for industries and environmental control agencies. A tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy system has been constructed at the Lebanese University (Faculty of Science II) and preliminary studies have been carried out with methane as the reference gas. One of the most useful features of this diode laser is wavelength tunability. It can most conveniently be accomplished by changing its temperature. Small temperature changes, for fine tuning, can be made by varying the injection current through the diode. Near-infrared (NIR) diodes have power outputs in the mW range and operate at or near room temperature, which permits the use of small thermoelectric devices for temperature control. Diode lasers which emit in the wavelength regions 0.76–0.9, 1.28–1.35, 1.48–1.56 μm are used in telecommunication and consumer products and are, therefore, relatively inexpensive, readily available and generally of high quality  (Table 1). For these molecules, the relatively low price and ability to operate at, or near room temperature, permit the construction of compact inexpensive systems. Diode lasers with wavelengths suitable for measuring other molecules, are currently more difficult to obtain and more expensive
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
An inexpensive system for gas monitoring and surveillance has been described. Such a system is capable of measuring some gases with high sensitivity. When cou- pled to a ®bre-optic, the sensitivity is expected to decrease. However, for certain applications, such as methane leaks in coal mines, the sensitivity is more than ade- quate (i.e. orders of magnitude lower than the explosive limit can be detected). Applications for other gases can evidently be envisaged.