پویایی های تعادل در یک بخش از مدل رشد درونی با سرمایه فیزیکی و انسانی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|18437||2003||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Volume 28, Issue 2, November 2003, Pages 367–375
This paper concerns the transitional dynamics of the one sector endogenous growth model with physical and human capital when gross investments are irreversible. It has been claimed that the transition path is on the stable saddle path of the system that describes the dynamics of the economy as long as the constraint on nonnegative gross investment in one of the factors is binding. We show that this does not have to be the case. The dynamics can be determined by noting that the continuity of the shadow prices involves the continuity of the consumption path.
The one sector model with physical and human capital is among the simplest models of endogenous growth. If investments in physical and human capital are reversible, the model features no transitional dynamics: The ratio of physical to human capital jumps immediately to the optimal value, in which the net returns on each type of capital are equalized, and the economy is on a balanced growth path after that. Transitional dynamics arises, however, if investments are irreversible, i.e. must each be nonnegative. Now, there can be an initial phase when one of the nonnegativity constraints on investment is binding for one type of capital. Barro and Sala-i-Martı́n (1995) claim that during the transition the economy will be on the stable saddle path corresponding to the system that describes the dynamics of the economy as long as the constraint on nonnegative investment in one of the factors is binding. We shall show that this does not have to be case. Instead, transitional dynamics can be determined by noting that the continuity of the shadow prices involves the continuity of the consumption path. Thus, the transition path has to be chosen such that when the balanced growth path is reached, consumption reaches its balanced growth value without jumping. This transition path does not have to be on the stable saddle path of the initial dynamical system. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents the model. Section 3 performs a phase diagram analysis. Section 4 shows that the transition path does not have to be on the stable saddle path of the initial dynamical system. Section 5 explains how the true transition path can be computed. Section 6 concludes.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we described how the transition path can be correctly determined in the one-sector endogenous growth model with physical and human capital when gross investments are irreversible. A genuine understanding of its transitional dynamics can be useful to analyse the dynamics of other more complex models when some constraint may switch from binding to nonbinding, leading to corners in the optimal path, as continuity arguments similar to that presented here could be applicable.