اشتغال پس از شروع درمان برای اختلالات مصرف مواد: تاثیر نژاد / قومیت و جامعه مشتری از محل اقامت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|87001||2018||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Volume 87, April 2018, Pages 31-41
Employment is an important substance use treatment outcome, frequently used to assess individual progress during and after treatment. This study examined whether racial/ethnic disparities exist in employment after beginning treatment. It also examined the extent to which characteristics of clients' communities account for such disparities. Analyses are based on data that linked individual treatment information from Washington State's Behavioral Health Administration with employment data from the state's Employment Security Department. Analyses subsequently incorporated community-level data from the U.S. Census Bureau. The sample includes 10,636 adult clients (Whites, 68%; American Indians, 13%, Latinos, 10%; and Blacks, 8%) who had a new outpatient treatment admission to state-funded specialty treatment. Heckman models were used to test whether racial/ethnic disparities existed in the likelihood of post-admission employment, as well as employment duration and wages earned. Results indicated that there were no racial/ethnic disparities in the likelihood of employment in the year following treatment admission. However, compared to White clients, American Indian and Black clients had significantly shorter lengths of employment and Black clients had significantly lower wages. With few exceptions, residential community characteristics were associated with being employed after initiating treatment, but not with maintaining employment or with wages. After accounting for community-level variables, disparities in length of employment and earned wages persisted. These findings highlight the importance of considering the race/ethnicity of a client when examining post-treatment employment alongside community characteristics, and suggest that the effect of race/ethnicity and community characteristics on post-treatment employment may differ based on the stage of the employment process.