رابطه علیت بین رشد اقتصادی و مصرف انرژی: شواهد جدید از پانل جهانی 53 کشور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|91628||2017||95 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 33, August 2017, Pages 45-56
This study investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth on a global panel of 53 countries. Using the panel data for the period of 1990â2014, the direction of causality between these two variables is also explored. The panel co-integration technique is used to reveal the long-term relationship between variables and the Vector error correction model (VECM) is applied to determine the direction of causality in the short and long-terms. The results show that there is a long run positive relationship between economic growth and energy consumption. The causality results reveal that there is a bidirectional Granger causality between economic growth and energy consumption and between economic growth and FDI for the global panel both in the short and long runs. Separately, the same results are also observed for the American countries. For African and Middle East countries; a short and long-run bidirectional causality between energy consumption and economic growth is found. A unidirectional causality from energy consumption to economic growth is found for the European countries both in the short and long runs. For the European, African and Middle East countries, only short and long-runs unidirectional causality running from FDI to economic growth is revealed.