بررسی عددی جذب هیدروژن در یک راکتور هیدرید فلزی با استفاده از تقسیم بندی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|93402||2018||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 43, Issue 16, 19 April 2018, Pages 8007-8017
In this paper, a three-dimensional model for hydrogen absorption in a metal alloy has been developed, validated against the experimental data in the literature, and then applied to a novel design for a hydrogen storage unit. The proposed design is similar to the fuel cell stack, but here the Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) has been replaced by a metal hydride (MH) reactor placed between the flow-field plates. These are stacked together to achieve the required amount of hydrogen storage. The flow-field plates have channels engraved on one side for hydrogen supply and on the other, for coolant/heating medium. It is known that the effectiveness of a hydrogen storage unit is directly related to its heat transfer area, and therefore, the choice of its geometry is very important. The larger the size, the more the resistance to heat transfer. Although, the internal tubular heat exchangers have proven to be effective in heat transfer, they pose severe challenges such as cooling/heating medium leakage due to tube erosion, stresses generated, etc. and they displace the active metal hydride from the tank. The present stacked MH reactor configuration helps to overcome these challenges by stacking small MH reactors together and there is no chance of the cooling/heating medium leaking into the metal hydride. Numerical simulations were performed to investigate the effect of coolant flow rate and percentage of flow-field plate rib area exposed to the MH reactor on temperature evolution and the amount of hydrogen stored. Further, a detailed study was carried out to understand the effect of compartmentalization of the MH reactor on temperature distribution. The results revealed that compartmentalization substantially helps to uniformly distribute the temperature in the metal bed, which is very important to maintain uniform utilization of the metal powder. Consequently, the uniform metal powder density for repeated absorption-desorption cycles without significant loss of its hydrogen storage capabilities.