چه کسی هستیم و چگونه احساس می کنیم: نظریه خودمحور و حالت های عاطفی خاص
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|115481||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 111, 1 June 2017, Pages 232-237
Self-discrepancy theory proposes that specific conflicting cognitive representations of the self result in âemotional vulnerabilitiesâ (Higgins, 1987). We investigated relationships between self-discrepancies (i.e., ideal-own, ideal-other, should-own, and should-other) as measured by the Integrated Self-Discrepancy Index (Hardin & Lakin, 2009) and lower-order specific affective states (i.e., sadness, joviality, self-assurance, guilt, fear, hostility, attentiveness, shyness, fatigue, serenity, and surprise) as measured by Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded (Watson & Clark, 1994) among undergraduate students (NÂ =Â 450). Sadness was positively associated with the ideal-own self-discrepancy; and joviality, self-assurance, and surprise were negatively associated with the ideal-own self-discrepancy. Serenity was negatively associated with the ideal-other self-discrepancy. Guilt was positively associated with the should-other self-discrepancy, and attentiveness was negatively associated with both the ideal-own and should-own self-discrepancies. Overall, results found support for the notion that self-discrepancies are associated with specific affective states, with the ideal-own self-discrepancy emerging as the most consistent predictor of specific affective states.