رفتارهای تغذیه و سلامتی در وگانها در مقایسه با همهچیزها: افسانههای مشترک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|120322||2017||31 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Appetite, Volume 118, 1 November 2017, Pages 129-135
Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans (âvegansâ), compared to omnivores. Participants (nÂ =Â 578, 80.4% female) completed an online questionnaire assessing a range of eating- and other health-related attitudes and behaviors. Vegans (62.0%, nÂ =Â 358) and omnivores (38.1%, nÂ =Â 220) were comparable in terms of demographics. Vegans scored significantly lower than omnivores the Eating Disorder Examination - Questionnaire (multivariate pÂ <Â 0.001), a measure of pathological eating behavior. They also were more likely to consider themselves âhealthyâ (pÂ <Â 0.001) and to prepare food at home (pÂ <Â 0.001). Vegans more frequently consumed fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and grains (all pÂ <Â 0.001), and less frequently consumed caffeinated soft drinks (pÂ <Â 0.001). There were no significant differences between vegans and omnivores on measures of eating styles, body mass index, smoking or exercise behaviors, or problems related to alcohol consumption. Effect sizes for comparisons on eating-related measures were generally small, with Î·p2 ranging from <0.01 to 0.05; the size of effects for comparisons on measures of other health behaviors ranged from small to medium (Î¦Â =Â 0.09 to 0.33 and Î·p2 < 0.01 to 0.42). Taken together, findings suggest that ultimately, vegans do not differ much from omnivores in their eating attitudes and behaviors, and when they do, differences indicate slightly healthier attitudes and behaviors towards food. Similarly, vegans closely resembled omnivores in non-eating related health behaviors.