اثرات پاداش و مجازات بر روی کاریزمای رهبر، اثربخشی رهبر و واکنش پیرو
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|38224||1997||20 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : The Leadership Quarterly, Volume 8, Issue 2, 1997, Pages 133–152
This study examines the effects of leader reward and punishment on leader effectiveness and charisma. Follower reactions to leaders' punishment behavior are also examined. The sample of leaders consisted of 286 male upper class cadets at an all-male military college, while the followers were drawn from approximately 400 freshmen at the same institution. Followers completed surveys measuring leader reward, punishment, and charisma. Leaders completed peer rankings of effectiveness. Critical incident data on leadership were collected to gauge follower reactions to punishment. Correlation and ordinary least squares were used to analyze the relationships between rewards, punishment, charisma, and effectiveness. Chi-square statistics were used to compare follower reactions to contingent and noncontingent punishment. Results indicated noncontingent reward and contingent punishment were positively related to follower perceptions of leader charisma, while contingent reward was positively related to leader effectiveness. Followers also had different reactions to contingent and noncontingent punishment.