پایه عصبی کنترل اختلافات مدال طلای بصری در زمینه ظاهری و ظاهری پیچیده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|118884||2018||26 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Neuroscience, Volume 372, 21 February 2018, Pages 154-160
The functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique was used to investigate brain activations related to conflict control in a taste-visual cross-modal pairing task. On each trial, participants had to decide whether the taste of a gustatory stimulus matched or did not match the expected taste of the food item depicted in an image. There were four conditions: Negative match (NM; sour gustatory stimulus and image of sour food), negative mismatch (NMM; sour gustatory stimulus and image of sweet food), positive match (PM; sweet gustatory stimulus and image of sweet food), positive mismatch (PMM; sweet gustatory stimulus and image of sour food). Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrasts between the NMM and the NM conditions revealed an increased activity in the middle frontal gyrus (MFG) (BA 6), the lingual gyrus (LG) (BA 18), and the postcentral gyrus. Furthermore, the NMM minus NM BOLD differences observed in the MFG were correlated with the NMM minus NM differences in response time. These activations were specifically associated with conflict control during the aversive gustatory stimulation. BOLD contrasts between the PMM and the PM condition revealed no significant positive activation, which supported the hypothesis that the human brain is especially sensitive to aversive stimuli. Altogether, these results suggest that the MFG is associated with the taste-visual cross-modal conflict control. A possible role of the LG as an information conflict detector at an early perceptual stage is further discussed, along with a possible involvement of the postcentral gyrus in the processing of the taste-visual cross-modal sensory contrast.