رویکرد قوانین تصمیم گیری جدید برای مدیریت ارتباط با مشتری (CRM) در بازار هواپیمایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|1004||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 36, Issue 3, Part 1, April 2009, Pages 4374–4381
Customer churn means the loss of existing customers to a competitor. Accurately predicting customer behavior may help firms to minimize this loss by proactively building a lasting relationship with their customers. In this paper, the application of the factor analysis and the Variable Consistency Dominance-based Rough Set Approach (VC-DRSA) in the customer relationship management (CRM) of the airline market is introduced. A set of “if … then … ” decision rules are used as the preference model to classify customers by a set of criteria and regular attributes. The proposed method can determine the competitive position of an airline by understanding the behavior of its customers based on their perception of choice, and so develop the appropriate marketing strategies. A large sample of customers from an international airline is used to derive a set of rules and to evaluate its prediction ability.
Customer relationship management (CRM) is crucial in today’s airline business because of globalization, increasing competition, market saturation and rapid advances in technology. The aim of CRM is to understand the profitability of their customers and to retain the profitable ones. Therefore, many firms need to be able to determine the value of their customers in order to retain or even cultivate the potential profit of customers (Hawkes, 2000). CRM is a dynamic process of managing a customer–company relationship such that customers elect to continue mutually beneficial commercial exchanges and at the same time are dissuaded from participating in exchanges that are unprofitable to the company (Bergeron, 2002). CRM is a key business strategy in which a firm needs to stay focused on the needs of its customers and must integrate a customer-oriented approach throughout the organization. The trend of increasing competition and decreasing customer loyalty have led to the emergence of concepts that push from a product orientation to a customer orientation and that define their market strategy from the outside-in and not from the inside-out. The focus here is on customer needs rather than on product features (Ozgener & Iraz, 2006). This shift in organizational culture challenges airlines to revise their organizational system and processes, identify customer-related metrics, and identify areas of strategic advantage. To address this customer focus, discussion on data management, availability, data warehousing, and data mining are occurring at various levels within the airline companies, from booking, check-in, cabin service, customer complaint handling to frequent flyer incentives. An important driver of this change is the advent of CRM, which is underpinned by the information and communication technologies (Ryals & Knox, 2001). Thus, a clear shift toward data-based decision making, using so-called data mining or knowledge discovering techniques is evident. Data mining – the extraction of hidden predictive information from a large database – is a useful tool for airlines that can identify valuable customers, predict future behaviors, and enables firms to make proactive, knowledge-driven decisions. The Variable Consistency Dominance-based Rough Set Approach (VC-DRSA) originally developed by Greco et al., 1998 and Greco et al., 2000 and extended by Blaszczynski, Greco, and Slowinski (2007) is a relatively new approach in data mining, and is very useful for data reduction in both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The decision rule preference model resulting from the VC-DSRA can even represent inconsistent preferences (Blaszczynski et al., 2007). Unlike conventional data analysis, which uses a statistical inferential technique, the rough set approach is based on data mining techniques for discovering knowledge (Goh & Law, 2003). According to Zhu, Premkumar, Zhang, and Chu (2001), the rough set method does not require additional information about the data; it can work with imprecise values or uncertain data, and is able to discover important facts hidden in that data and express them in natural language. The rough set theory has been successfully applied in a variety of fields, including: evaluation of bankruptcy risk (Slowinski & Zopounidis, 1995), business failure prediction (Beynon & Peel, 2001), travel demand analysis (Goh & Law, 2003), mining stock prices (Wang, 2003), insurance market (Shyng, Wang, Tzeng, & Wu, 2007), accident prevention (Wong & Chung, 2007), customers’ classification of telecommunication services (Blaszczynski et al., 2007) etc. The objective of this research was to apply the VC-DRSA data mining technique to investigate the behaviors of customers in the airline market, and to develop an appropriate CRM strategy for personalized marketing that could contribute to the enhancement of the long-term relationships with exiting customers. The rest of this paper is structured as follows: In Section 2, some of the important previous researches regarding CRM are summarized, and in Section 3, the basic concept of the VC-DRSA is introduced. In Section 4, an empirical example is illustrated for use in the validation of the proposed model. The results and discussions of the empirical study are presented in Section 5. Finally, in Section 6 some conclusions are drawn.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This study combined the factor analysis and the VC-DRSA approach as an operational tool for predicting the purchasing decision of customers in the airline market. The proposed prediction model is in the form of decision rules. This method also provides the airline with information on the strength of particular decision rules covering the considered object. The derived rules can help the airline with developing proper strategies for different classes of customers and improve the airline’s CRM. Since the derived rules are supported by real examples, they describe only facts in terms of the most relevant attributes/criteria. The classical rough set theory handles attributes without preference, which may not always be true in the real world. The VC-DRSA includes the extension of the classical rough set theory to qualitative reasoning in the preference-based customers’ behavior analysis by substituting the indiscernibility relation with the dominance relation. Therefore, the conflicting preference relations in the customers’ behavior assessment are objectively represented without introducing the equivalence class concept of the classical rough-set theory. An empirical example of a Taiwanese airline demonstrated the advantage of VC-DRSA over other techniques that ignore the background knowledge on preference orders in the attributes domains. This study applied the VC-DRSA in order to mine information from the surveyed data of the airline market and help airlines develop a better CRM.