استراتژی های بازاریابی برای افزایش فرهنگ ایمنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|2865||2004||19 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Safety Science, Volume 42, Issue 7, August 2004, Pages 601–619
Promotional and marketing strategies can be effective tools for raising and maintaining the profile of occupational health and safety (OHS) within an organization. It is important to maximize the impact of health and safety promotions, and to ensure a consistent, desired message is conveyed. When developing OHS promotional campaigns, consideration should be given to identifying the target audience and the objective of the campaign. The aim is to keep employees focused in a positive and proactive way. Effective communication brings together people, processes, and systems. The challenge is to promote health and safety throughout all levels of the organization, and to find effective strategies such as published materials, displays, media, training and the Internet, to gain management commitment and employee involvement in the decision-making and problem-solving processes which are essential for achieving a positive safety culture. The benefits can go beyond lowering the lost time injury rate, and can include economic and social gains.
Many organizations are doing excellent work to improve their occupational health and safety (OHS) systems but fail to capitalize on the promotional opportunity that this presents. They tend to focus their OHS promotion strategies on displaying the number of days since the last lost time injury (Creek, 1995). This only measures the output of the system and may give a false sense of security leading to a reactive approach to OHS (Earnst, 1997). Research has identified that management commitment to OHS, and employee empowerment and involvement in OHS, are key aspects of safety culture (Shaw and Blewitt, 1996, Peterson in Dougherty, 1997). The result is employees with proactive attitudes and behaviours towards OHS which leads to better management of risk, and the overall reduction of illness, injury and property damage. Improvements in OHS arise through physical improvements in the work environment, procedures and systems that allow continuous safety improvements, knowledge factors, and improvements in workplace safety culture (Griffiths, 2001). Miller (1998) recommends that organizations should have adequate OHS management systems and engineering controls in place before steps are taken to improve workplace culture. It is proposed that organizations that are genuinely committed to OHS and are making good progress with implementing physical improvements and management systems, can begin to improve the safety culture by promoting the improvements. The rewards for campaigning more broadly can include improvement in the investigation and documentation of incidents, better risk assessments and job safety procedures, and winning contracts because of the safety systems and culture in place (Vecchio-Sadus, 2000, Vecchio-Sadus, 2001 and Vecchio-Sadus, 2002a). This paper illustrates how companies can use OHS marketing strategies to influence behaviour and to promote management commitment and employee empowerment to enhance safety culture. CSIRO Minerals (Australia) is used as a case study of a research and development (R&D) organization with a diverse set of risk factors.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper has outlined a number of different marketing tools that can be used to promote management commitment and employee involvement in OHS by fostering participation and co-operation at all levels in the decision-making process. In organizations with sound OHS management systems, promoting and publicizing management commitment to OHS and employee participation in OHS can positively enhance the organization's safety culture. Through education and training, the scientists at CSIRO Minerals are now more informed about risk assessment, human error, and the methods for achieving cultural change. They are able to use tools to turn problems into solutions. When employees become more aware of their responsibilities for incident and injury prevention, they will show more interest in maintaining a safe and healthy workplace. The impact of the OHS awareness will be short-lived unless there is an on-going program that provides regular follow-up and reinforcement. The aim is to keep employees focused in a positive and proactive way. The marketing strategies used to enhance safety culture at CSIRO Minerals have broad application across a variety of industries.