اثر الکترونیکی جهش ژن؛ ظهور یک مدل مدیریت سایبری و بخش بازار F2B برای صنعت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|16355||2002||19 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 80, Issue 1, November 2002, Pages 11–29
The advent of the Internet and Web-enabled communications networks from the factory floor upwards via PC technologies has altered the nature of change within the manufacturing environment. Reliable, generational, technological change common to heavy industry has experienced unprecedented acceleration due to the introduction of innovative software solutions. The velocity with which the Industrial Ethernet roared through the polite and containable ‘fieldbus wars’ markedly changed the fieldbus protocol world in a few short years. The ‘islands of automation’ legacy schema upon which proprietary manufacturers relied so heavily for their markets and aftermarkets has, in recent times, been bridged with the swiftly developing Ethernet/TCPIP interconnectivity technologies such as the ‘open factory’ concept. Internet-enabled change has made it strategically dangerous for firms unprepared to manage advancing e-manufacturing realities. The author identifies factory-based changes and explores the realities of an emerging market segment (F2B) and a management ‘centrism’ to suggest order amid the volatility of the virtually-extending enterprise.
The lethargic shifts in technology growth are what many in heavy industry have relied upon for continued profitability. From the perspective of a slow moving global industrial base anchored in the iron of giant machinery and robotics, manageable change meant prosperity. Accelerated change has brought an end to an era. Ultra velocity change has sprung from the advances in PC and control software technology and the Internet. The indomitable forces of e-commerce start-ups, armed with superior economic alternatives to the costly, cumbersome land-based systems of the last decade, have been invasive, alarmingly competitive, and expressly disruptive to the safety of jobs, antiquated ideas of profitability, and to the reliability of existing business models. The unpredictability of markets has increased in tandem. Generational change, from the manual toothbrush to electric, from analog to digital, or from coaxial cable to fiberoptic…each had been foreseeable, expected and predictable. The sudden arrival of PC-based Controls that speedily threatened and replaced, to some degree, the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) with software technology, transformed the Controls Industry in less than a decade.