یک رویکرد تصمیم گیری مبتنی بر خاکستری برای مشکل انتخاب تامین کننده
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|19140||2007||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Mathematical and Computer Modelling, Volume 46, Issues 3–4, August 2007, Pages 573–581
Supplier selection is a multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) problem. Since the decision makers (DMs) such as preferences on alternatives or on the attributes of suppliers are often uncertain, supplier selection becomes more difficult. Grey theory is one of the methods used to study uncertainty, being superior in the mathematical analysis of systems with uncertain information. In this paper, we propose a new grey-based approach to deal with the supplier selection problem. The work procedure is as follows: firstly, the weights and ratings of attributes for all alternatives are described by linguistic variables that can be expressed in grey numbers. Secondly, using a grey possibility degree, the ranking order of all alternatives is determined. Finally, an example of a selection problem of supplier was used to illustrate the proposed approach.
With the globalization of the economic market and the development of information technology, many companies consider that a well-designed and implemented supply chain management (SCM) system is an important tool for increasing competitive advantage . The supplier selection problem become one of the most important components in SCM ,  and . In the past, several methods have been proposed to solve the supplier selection problem, the main ones being the linear weighting methods (LW)  and , the analytic hierarchy process (AHP)  and , the analytic network process , total cost approaches  and  and mathematical programming (MP) techniques  and . Although linear weighting is a very simple method, it depends heavily on human judgement and also weights the attributes equally, which rarely happens in practice. On the other hand, MP techniques cause a significant problem in considering qualitative factors. However, AHP cannot effectively take into account risk and uncertainty in estimating the supplier’s performance because it presumes that the relative importance of attributes affecting supplier performance is known with certainty . The drawback of MP is that it requires arbitrary aspiration levels and cannot accommodate subjective attributes . Supplier selection is a multiple- attribute decision-making (MADM) problem. The decision makers (DMs) always express their preferences on alternatives or on the attributes of suppliers, which can be used to help rank the suppliers or select the most desirable one. The preference information on alternatives of supplier and on attributes belongs to the DMs’ subjective judgements. In conventional MADM methods, the ratings and weights of the attributes are known precisely ,  and . Generally, DMs’ judgements are often uncertain and cannot be estimated by an exact numerical value. Thus, the problem of selecting suppliers has many uncertainties and becomes more difficult. Grey theory  is one of the methods used to study uncertainty, being superior in the mathematical analysis of systems with uncertain information. In grey theory, according to the degree of information, if the system information is fully known, the system is called a white system; if the information is unknown, it is called a black system. A system with information known partialy is called a grey system. In recent years, a fuzzy-based approach has been proposed to deal with the supplier selection problem under uncertainty . The advantage of grey theory over fuzzy theory  and  is that grey theory considers the condition of the fuzziness; that is, grey theory can deal flexibly with the fuzziness situation . In this paper, we propose a new grey-based approach to deal with the problem of selecting suppliers under an uncertain environment. The work procedure is briefly as follows: firstly, the weight and rating of attributes for all supplier alternatives are described by linguistic variables that can be expressed in grey number. Secondly, a degree of grey possibility is proposed to determine the ranking order of all alternatives of supplier. In the supplier selection process, the degree of uncertainty of the attributes has to be taken into account . In many situations, the preference information on attributes is uncertain and inconsistent. In order to atone for the insufficiency of decision making, we present a grey possibility degree to select the ideal supplier based on grey numbers. It will be more suitable for the MADM system’s more uncertain environment than other approaches. Finally, an example of supplier selection is used to illustrate the proposed approach. This paper is organized as follows: Section 2 describes preliminaries which include grey theory and grey number comparison. Section 3 introduces the proposed grey-based approach. In Section 4 the proposed approach is applied to the supplier selection problem. Finally, conclusions are drawn in Section 5.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we proposed a new grey-based approach to deal with the supplier selection problem in an uncertain environment. Supplier selection is a MADM problem. In conventional MADM methods, the ratings and the weights of attributes must be known precisely ,  and . However, in many situations DMs’ judgements are often uncertain and cannot be estimated by an exact numerical value. Thus, the problem of selecting suppliers has many uncertainties and becomes more difficult. We can change our perspective and look at the real world from a different angle. System analysis can be treated from the point of view of the degree of information availabile. Grey theory is a new mathematical field born out of the concept of the grey set. It is one of the methods used to study the uncertainty of a system. The advantage of grey theory over fuzzy sets theory is that grey theory can deal flexibly with the fuzziness situation. Supplier selection can be viewed as a grey system process. We may use grey theory to resolve it. The ratings of attributes are described by linguistic variables that can be expressed in grey numbers. We also presented a grey possibility degree to compare the ranking of grey numbers and select the most ideal supplier. An example of a supplier selection problem was used to illustrate the proposed approach. The experimental result shows that the proposed approach is reliable and reasonable.