کارآمدی بازار در بازارهای ارز خارجی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|14926||2007||4 صفحه PDF||7 صفحه WORD|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 382, Issue 1, 1 August 2007, Pages 209–212
2-داده و روش
2-2 انتروپی تقریبی (ApEn)
4. نتیجه گیری
We investigate the relative market efficiency in financial market data, using the approximate entropy(ApEn) method for a quantification of randomness in time series. We used the global foreign exchange market indices for 17 countries during two periods from 1984 to 1998 and from 1999 to 2004 in order to study the efficiency of various foreign exchange markets around the market crisis. We found that on average, the ApEn values for European and North American foreign exchange markets are larger than those for African and Asian ones except Japan. We also found that the ApEn for Asian markets increased significantly after the Asian currency crisis. Our results suggest that the markets with a larger liquidity such as European and North American foreign exchange markets have a higher market efficiency than those with a smaller liquidity such as the African and Asian markets except Japan.
Recently, the complex features of financial time series have been studied using a variety of methods developed in econophysics  and . The analysis of extensive financial data has empirically pointed to the breakdown of the efficient market hypothesis (EMH), in particular, the weak-form of EMH , , , ,  and . For example, the distribution function of the returns of various financial time series is found to follow a universal power law distribution with varying exponents , ,  and . The returns of financial time series without apparent long-term memory are found to possess the long-term memory in absolute value series, indicating a long-term memory in the volatility of financial time series , , ,  and . In this paper, we use a method developed in statistical physics to test the market efficiency of the financial time series. The approximate entropy (ApEn) proposed by Pincus et al. can be used to quantify the randomness in the time series  and . The ApEn can not only quantify the randomness in financial time series with a relatively small number of data but also be used as a measure for the stability of time series . Previously, the Hurst exponent was used to analyze various global financial time series, which suggested that the mature markets have features different from the emerging markets. Thus, the Hurst exponents for the mature markets exhibit a short-term memory, while those for the emerging markets exhibit a long-term memory  and . It was also shown that the liquidity and market capitalization may play an important role in understanding the market efficiency . Using the ApEn, we study the market efficiency of the global foreign exchange markets. We use the daily foreign exchange rates for 17 countries from 1984 to 1998, and for 17 countries from 1999 to 2004 around the Asian currency crisis. We found that the ApEn values for European and North American foreign exchange markets are larger than those for African and Asian markets except Japan. We also found that the market efficiency of Asian foreign exchange markets measured by ApEn increases significantly after the Asian currency crisis. In Section 2, we describe the financial data used in this paper and introduce the ApEn method. In Section 3, we apply the ApEn method to global foreign exchange rates and investigate the relative efficiency of the diverse foreign exchange markets. Finally, we end with a summary.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we have investigated the degree of randomness in the time series of various foreign exchange markets. We employed the Apron to quantify a market efficiency in the foreign exchange markets. We found that the average Apron values for European and North American foreign exchange markets are larger than those for African and Asian ones except Japan, indicating a higher market efficiency for European and North American foreign exchange markets than other foreign exchange markets. We found that the efficiency of markets with a small liquidity such as Asian foreign exchange markets improved significantly after the Asian currency crisis. Our analysis can be extended to other global financial markets.